Castles

Spend hours exploring some of the finest castles in North Wales

Castles near Glanfa Holiday Cottage

Criccieth Castle

Image: Criccieth Castle

Criccieth Castle dominates the skyline and is situated on the headland between two beaches in Criccieth, on a rocky peninsula overlooking Tremadog Bay. It was built by Llywelyn the Great of the kingdom of Gwynedd but it was heavily modified following its capture by English forces of Edward I in the late 13th century. Its fate was finally sealed in 1404 when the Welsh leader Owain Glyn Dwr captured and burnt the castle. Even today, the walls still bear evidence of scorching. This was to be the last major Welsh rebellion against the English.

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Harlech Castle

Image: Harlech Castle

Constructed atop a spur of rock close to the Irish Sea, Harlech Castle was built by Edward I during his invasion of Wales between 1282 and 1289 at the substantial cost of £8,190. Over the next few centuries, the castle played an important part in several wars, withstanding the siege of Madog ap Llywelyn between 1294–95, but falling to Owain Glyn Dwr in 1404. One of the finest examples of late 13th century and early 14th century military architecture in Europe, it is classed as a World Heritage site.

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Caernarfon Castle

Image: Caernarfon Castle

Caernarfon Castle is a medieval fortress in Caernarfon, Gwynedd, north-west Wales cared for by Cadw, the Welsh Government's historic environment service. There was a motte-and-bailey castle in the town of Caernarfon from the late 11th century until 1283 when King Edward I of England began replacing it with the current stone structure. The Edwardian town and castle acted as the administrative centre of north Wales and as a result the defences were built on a grand scale.

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